Installing a Beach Stone Floor (Part 1 of 2)

April 02, 2012   //  Posted in: Beach, DIY, Entryway, Flooring   //  By: Emily   //  11 responses

Ready for Part 2? Jump to here.

I’ve had this vision of a installing a stone entryway floor for years. Sure, cool in theory, kind of what you’d expect in an old Adirondack cabin or serving as the base of your beach cottage outdoor shower, but I felt like the actual installation could go any number of ways. I didn’t know with any certainty that this shale floor entryway was going to work, even though the test run when I stomped my heart out seemed to perform just fine. Just call me Nervous Nelly. Beach-weathered shale is a fragile sedimentary rock (the parent rock from which slate) and is most often micro-thin and breakable by hand when you find fragments of it on the beach. But I wanted to try it anyways, and I’m really excited to show you how it worked.

It’s awesome. Here’s evidence. It’s pre-grout in this picture, but I’ll be back later in the week with a full how-to on grouting stony tiles. It doesn’t happen quickly.

A shale stone entryway, pre-grout.

This has easily marched its way to the top of my favorite-DIY-projects-ever list, and I’m so glad I tried it for a number of reasons:

  • It was a free project, using shale collected from the beach.
  • It transformed my entryway completely. I can’t wait to have visitors over to walk on it with bare feet.
  • It gave me the courage to do this again in a future house. Maybe as an entire kitchen floor. Or in the shower. Anywhere, everywhere, my next home will be all shiplap and stone.

Before diving into the full how-to, check out a few “before” shots of the entryway floor:


Circa 2009, move-in day. Bad laminate is my mortal enemy, but I bought the house anyway. It didn’t last long, I tore it out sometime that first year and painted the underlaying stamped cement gray. I clearly have a thing about previous-owner foot filth. As of last month with the completion of the new kitchen tile every single floor surface in my house has received an overhaul. Those tiles in particular, though, were pretty gross.

The original entryway, circa 2009.


Circa January 2012. The exposed painted cement that had lived beneath the laminate was a drastic improvement, but you can still tell that it was often a messy surface. It’s not that the tiles wouldn’t wipe clean with a little elbow grease, but the stamped lines in the cement are always dirty. As nice as it is to have the original-to-the-house feature exposed, it wasn’t great visually.

Entryway, with the cement floor and lush shiplap wall.

Onward. I proceeded with this stone floor installation very cautiously, spending the better part of one morning planning the layout of the first dozen stones, digging through the box to figure out how they’d best fit together. I knew this wasn’t going to be a quick process; I wanted the stones to fit really well, as close to a puzzle as I could create from rocks that shared no common shape, while also focusing on using stones that had a heartiness about them, weren’t chipping, cracked, or beginning to show signs of layering, fragility, or fragmentation. I tried to keep each stone between 1/4″-1/2″ depth.

Planning the layout of the stones.

When I was confident enough with the preliminary layout and my ability to keep growing the puzzle, I mixed up the mortar, which was leftover (f-r-e-e) from our bathroom shower renovation. If you’re doing this at home, expect to spend $8-15 out of your pocket for un-mixed mortar; we were working with a polymer-fortified higher quality variety in a shade of light gray, not that the color matters immensely once you grout the stones in place.

I used a simple 3/16″ notched trowel to prep the floor surface with mortar and lightly butter the back of each stone since that’s what the people on TV do. The combination notched mortar surface and moistened tile/stone help promote good, strong adhesion on the floor.

Oh boy, ready to start adding mortar. Fear!

I wiped down the floor with denatured alcohol before starting to help clean any left behind residue off the work surface, and then mixed a little bit of mortar to get the job started. Going slow, I didn’t want to risk the mortar drying out before I could use it, so the mortar that bucket in the next picture was never more than about an inch deep. I remixed about 8 times throughout the process. Also moving slowly and cautiously, I worked hard to ensure not to have any excess mortar shooting up between the stones. It’s not work overloading the mortar, something we learned when doing the bathroom subway tile. It’s better to keep the mortar beneath the tile, and leave room around the edges for grout to fit.

Three hours in. Legs were killing me already.

After installing what I considered a no-turning-back amount, I was happy. It was quickly becoming easier and easier to match pieces up that fit together well, kind of like any brain-stimulating activity. It’s not perfect, and that’s A-OK because its intent is to look like a non-commercial custom stone floor; I’m not working with those sheets of 12″x12″ stone tile mats that sell for $13/sq. ft. at the big box store, these are all hand-collected and meticulously selected stones from the shore of Lake Erie. And placement of the stones aside, I’m confident that like with other things we’ve grouted, your eyes won’t catch the flaws when it’s all done, it’s just going to be that spectacular a finished product. So excited.

It's a start. Lookin' good.

Don’t ask me why I started in the corner I started in, it made for an inefficient Day 1. I was able to continue to scoot myself back into the corner as the day progressed, but once I ran out of space to kneel, I had to call it quits. DIY tip: Kneeling on a folded towel rag gave my knees some relief and also gave me a good place to wipe my constantly-mortar-covered fingers.

Making good progress with the placement of the shale stones.

I worked ambitiously to finish mortaring the tiles into place on Day 2. Because the mortar was sitting and curing on a non-porous surface, I expected that it would take a little longer for the mortar to dry and stone tiles to cure, so I set up a scaffolding using a 2×10 board that extended from the open doorway to the hardwood floors, and hovered over the already-done floor. Again, kneeling on towels is a big relief, although it doesn’t stop your body from your hips down from going completely numb after 2 hours. Just be prepared for body exhaustion when you try this at home.

DIY scaffolding to levitate over wet mortar.

After I had finished tiling the whole floor, I left it alone for 48 hours to allow the mortar some time to cure completely, or as completely as I guessed it would need. At that point (yesterday morning) the stones were walkable, not cracking, and looking pretty great, so I spent some time buffering mortar smudges off the tops of the stones with a piece of green scrubby.

Cleaning mortar off of stone tiles.

Much like when you grout tiles and are left with a haze over the surface, I had more cleaning to deal with, but it was already looking better than I expected it could. From the beach, to my own front entryway.

A shale stone entryway, pre-grout.

Check out the tutorial on grouting this slate floor, and see photos of the completed entryway here!

  • Holyoke Home
    6 years ago - Reply

    Looks FANTASTIC!!!!! Also? Looks like you could use a shoulder and hamstring massage. Great job!

    • Emily
      6 years ago -

      Thank you!! If you’re offering, I’ll take it!

  • Cait @ Hernando House
    6 years ago - Reply

    I love it!! Great job!

    • Emily
      6 years ago -

      Thanks Cait! Can’t wait to show how it looks grouted… still have to wait on things to cure before I take more pictures.

    • Cait @ Hernando House
      6 years ago -

      Can’t wait to see!!

  • Lizzie
    6 years ago - Reply

    Looks amazing! And I love the idea as a shower floor or bathroom floor- would love to feel this underfoot pretty much any time. Are you going to do some sort of lacquer after you grout or leave as is?

    • Emily
      6 years ago -

      Thanks Lizzie! I’ve been wavering over whether or not to use a lacquer. I think I’m going to say NO at this time; I’ve been trying to remember back to all other stone floor applications I’ve ever seen, and I don’t remember them being glossed over, although maybe my memory is fooling me. I’ll probably start with a sealant over the grout itself, and if the grout seems to be taking a beating though, or it becomes unbearably hard to clean in its raw state, lacquer’s probably something I’ll look into. Glad you like, it feels incredible underfoot!

  • Mark Winters
    6 years ago - Reply

    Looks great….can’t wait to apply my feet to it.

  • Reuben
    6 years ago - Reply

    This is such a unique idea! I can’t wait to see how it turns out.

  • Rachel
    6 years ago - Reply

    wow! that is quite the improvement! and love the story behind the rocks!

  • Ashley @ DesignBuildLove
    6 years ago - Reply

    so simple, but so creative and such a dramatic change!

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